Lycopersicon esculentum



Tender perennial to 2m (6 feet), grown as an edible annual. Pinnate leaves with 7-9 leaflets. Yellow flowers borne in clusters. Fruit is a red berry with a fleshy placentae and kidney-shaped seeds.


Fruit is harvested when pink or red. Can be dried, eaten raw or used in a variety of cooked dishes.


Requires temperatures between 21-27 degrees C for optimum growth. Frost sensitive. Provide protection from very hot conditions. Grow in moist, well-drained, fertile soils. Apply fertiliser regularly during the growing season. Prefers a soil pH of 5.5-7 Prune out side shoots until flowering commences. Reduce watering after fruit set, but do not allow to dry out. Attacked by aphis, fruit fly, potato beetle, whitefly, mites, and birds. Disease problems include anthracnose, bacterial canker, blight, fusarium wilt and leaf mould. Prospers when planted near basil. Marigolds deter nematodes. Do not plant near potatoes, apricot trees, cabbage, cauliflower, turnips or radish. Provide a stake ot trellis for support.


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Plant Health

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More info

'Home Vegetable Growing' and 'Commercial Vegetable Production' courses through Australian Correspondence Schools, see 'Commercial Hydroponics' on CDROM from Australian Correspondence Schools, see

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