Allium sativum



Ovoid or globose bulb, usually divided into several cloves. 4-6 flat, leaves. Flowers in umbells, with pedicels twice as long as the white-pinkish perianth. (herb / vegetable)


Foliage can be harvested at any time during the growing season. Bulbs are harvested once the foliage has died down. Used as a seasoning in many dishes and as a herbal remedy.


Prefers mild conditions. Cooler temperatures encourage growth, warm temperatures initiate bulb formation. Plant in spring in temperate climates, or in late autumn in warmer areas. Grow in relatively dry conditions with low humidity and friable, well-drained soil. Use organic fertilisers high in nitrogen and potassium. Prefers a pH of 6.0.


By separating the individual cloves from the bulbs and planting those out in open ground in autumn.

Can also be propagated from seed.


Many cultivars available including hard neck, soft neck, red, white etc. You can also get varieties suited to various climatic conditions such as  humidity.The flavour of the various cultivars also varies.


Plant Health

Aphis, thrips and fungal disease can all be a problem.

More info

'Home Vegetable Growing' and 'Commercial Vegetable Growing' courses through Australian Correspondence Schools, see 'Commercial Hydroponics' on CDROM from Australian Correspondence Schools, see

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