Dog Care

Course CodeBAG105
Fee CodeS1
Duration (approx)100 hours
QualificationStatement of Attainment

Learn to manage dogs

A dog can be a wonderful addition to any home; but without proper management, not only the dog suffers, but the garden can be badly damaged and people can be physically threatened.

Dogs are pack animals, with an inherent need to be part of a group. For a pet dog, that group is the family. If the family provides the dog with the attention it needs, it will be psychologically well adjusted, and easier to manage. If it is provided with the food and physical needs it requires, it will be well adjusted.

A dog that is not provided for though, will be a problem.

This course shows you what a dog needs, and how to provide for those needs

By learning to manage a dog, you will learn to better manage the environment it lives in.

Lesson Structure

There are 9 lessons in this course:

  1. Introduction to Dog Care
    • What Dogs Need
    • Food
    • Water
    • Physical and Psychological Environment
    • Exercise
    • Hygiene
    • Importance of Routine
    • Potential Problems and Owner Error
    • Uncertainty of pack position
    • Neglect
    • Escape
    • Attacking other people and animals
    • Physical damage
    • Illness
    • Which Breed is best
    • Choosing a puppy or adult dog
    • Outside living or inside pet
    • Restricting and confining a pet
    • Dealing with holidays
    • Training dogs
    • Socialising with other animals
    • Scope of Dog care industry
  2. Canine Biology
    • Anatomy
    • Mouth
    • Teeth
    • Ears
    • Eyes
    • Skeletal system
    • Digestive system
    • Normal physiological values
    • Circulation
    • Respiratory rates
    • Thermoregulation
  3. Dog Health Part 1
    • Introduction to nutrition and feeding
    • Nutritional Components
    • Carbohydrates
    • ProteinsFats
    • Minerals
    • Vitamins
    • Water
    • Changing requirements through different life stages
    • Growth period
    • Working and high performance period
    • Pregnancy and lactation period
    • Geriatric period
    • Feeding patterns -time controlled or free choice
    • Feed products
    • Commercial foods
    • Medicinal/veterinary foods
    • Home cooked Foods
    • Snacks and treats
    • Foods to avoid
    • Common nutritional disorders
    • Allergies
    • Poisoning
    • Preventative health
    • Diet supplements
    • Immunisation
    • Worms, tick and flea prevention
    • Exercise
    • Dental care
    • Skin and Nail Care
    • Basic First Aid Equipment
    • Assessing the Situation in an Emergency
    • What to do... (in accidents or at specific times)
    • Basic Resuscitation and CPR
  4. Dog Health Part 2 -Illnesses and Treatments
    • Introduction
    • Haemobartonellosis
    • Babesiosis
    • Von Willebrand’s Disease
    • Aortic Stenosis
    • Heart Failure
    • Heart Murmurs and Arrhythmias
    • Hypertension (High Blood Pressure)
    • Heartworm
    • Vomiting
    • Diarrhoea
    • Giardia
    • Intestinal Worms
    • Enteritis
    • Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD)
    • Diabetes Mellitus
    • Cushing’s Disease (Hyperadrenocorticism)
    • Hypothyroidism
    • Postpartum Hypocalcaemia (Eclampsia)
    • Conjunctivitis
    • Glaucoma
    • Cataracts
    • Ear mites
    • Deafness
    • Anaphylactic Shock
    • Lupus
    • Hip Dysplasia
    • Osteoarthritis
    • Epilepsy
    • Canine Degenerative Myelopathy (CDM)
    • Canine Distemper
    • Infectious Canine Tracheobronchitis (Kennel Cough)
    • Asthma
    • Mange
    • Ringworm
  5. Dog Breeds
    • Gundogs, Hounds, Pastoral, Terriers, Toy, Utility, Working
    • English Setter
    • Irish Setter
    • German Pointer
    • Golden Retriever
    • Labrador Retriever
    • Cocker Spaniel
    • Hungarian Vizsla
    • Beagle
    • Dachshund
    • Greyhound
    • Irish Wolfhound
    • Bassett Hound
    • Bassett Hound
    • Australian Cattle dog
    • Border Collie
    • German Shepherd
    • Old English Sheep Dog
    • Corgi
    • Staffordshire Bull Terrier
    • West Highland Terrier
    • Parson (Jack) Russell Terrier
    • Australian terrier
    • Scottish terrier
    • Chihuahua
    • Bichon Frisé
    • Cavalier King Charles Spaniel
    • Pomeranian
    • Pug
    • Dalmatian
    • Poodle
    • Schnauzer
    • Shih Tzu
    • Alaskan Malumute
    • Great Dane
    • Mastiff
    • Newfoundland
    • St Bernard
  6. Breeding
    • Introduction
    • Female Reproductive System
    • Male Reproductive System
    • Sexual Behaviour
    • Mating Interaction
    • The Management of Reproduction
    • Desexing/Neutering/Spaying/Castrating
    • Pregnancy and birth
    • Parturition (Labour)
    • Suckling
    • Weaning
    • Factors Influencing Puppy Size
    • Puppy Development
    • The breeding industry
    • ‘Back-yard’ Breeders & Breeding for fun
    • Illegal Commercial Puppy Breeding Enterprises (Puppy Mills)
    • Breeding for Profit
    • Legislation and Licensing
  7. Dog Behaviour and Training
    • Understanding dog behaviour
    • The Importance of Training
    • Practical training techniques
    • Technique for Recall
    • Technique for Sit (in front)
    • Technique for Sit (at the side)
    • Technique for Stand (Beside)
    • Technique for Stand (Beside)
    • Technique for Leave
    • Technique for Down/Lay
    • Technique for Stay (beside)
    • Technique for Heeling
    • Behaviour Problems Present Opportunities for Business
    • Attributes of Successful Dog Trainers
    • Practical for Business Start-up
  8. Grooming
    • The Importance of Grooming
    • Grooming tools and equipment
    • What to groom, why and how
    • Skin
    • Bathing
    • Coat (hair)
    • Brushing:
    • Claws (nails)
    • Teeth
    • Teeth brushing
    • Ears
    • Professional grooming
    • Long haired dog breeds
    • Short hair breeds
    • Other breeds
    • Styles and clips
  9. Other Dog Services
    • Health and related services
    • Training and related services
    • Day care and long term stay services
    • Assistance dog services
    • Professional dog handling
    • Retail related services

Each lesson culminates in an assignment which is submitted to the school, marked by the school's tutors and returned to you with any relevant suggestions, comments, and if necessary, extra reading.

How To Keep Dogs More Calm?

Training is beneficial for both owner and dog. It will assist with obedience and toilet training and can be used to end undesirable behaviours. If you are purchasing a pure breed, research its temperament thoroughly first to ensure it is suitable for your home.  Behaviour has both genetic and learned components. Encourage good behaviours with positive reinforcement and avoid physical punishments, especially with more aggressive breeds.   

Training by using treats and other positive enforcement such as praise consistently gets the best results as opposed to punishing a dog if it does not do what the owner wants it to. For example if you ignore the dog that constantly jumps up at you as a greeting but reward it with a treat as soon as it stops, it will soon learn that there is a definite advantage to not jumping up. This works better than constantly knocking the dog down as he sees this as a way of getting the owner’s attention and will continue to do it. The same principles of reward apply for all forms of training. 

Puppies have short memories and attention spans and need to learn by repetition. Aim for short but frequent training sessions in the beginning (once daily is ideal as a minimum).  It is important to teach certain basic commands such as ‘sit’, ‘down’, ‘stay’ and ‘come’ and how to walk on a lead without pulling. Training basic commands are particularly important for the control and safety of the owner and dog. Imagine a situation where there is busy traffic, having a well trained dog able to sit and stay calmly is important, whilst you may also be busy securing children into a vehicle at the same time. 

Combinations of voice and hand signals are useful as then the dog can be controlled at a distance as well as close up. The best way to get a dog to come on a regular basis is to encourage it with a small food treat and a verbal cue. The dog will soon learn to associate coming to the owner with a reward. Never sound panicked and lose your temper when calling the dog as it will sense that something is wrong and will be less inclined to come back. It is a good idea to call the dog to you several times during a walk and not just when you are going to put the lead on otherwise it will soon associate returning to you with a loss of freedom.

Another way to reward your dog is by using a ‘clicker’. This is a metal strip inside a small plastic box that makes a distinct clicking sound when pressed. To teach a dog the meaning of the click, a treat is given immediately at the time of clicking. Once the dog learns the positive effects of the clicking sound, the clicker itself acts as a conditioned reinforcer, although edible treats should not be stopped completely otherwise the clicker will lose its effectiveness.

A dog should never be smacked as punishment, especially on the nose, as the dog’s sense of smell can be easily damaged by doing this. If a dog is punished, you must catch it in the act of wrong doing or it will not associate the punishment with the deed.  Do not expect too much too soon but persist. Particularly with large or aggressive breeds it is crucial you are dominant. Even with smaller dogs, lack of dominance by the owner can result in nuisance and even aggressive behaviours. Seek professional training for large or aggressive breeds or if you have dominance issues.


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