Vegies Can Look Just as Good as they Taste

The most obvious reason to grow vegies or herbs is to harvest and use them but that isn’t the only reason. Traditionally the home vegetable patch has been restricted to the far corner of the backyard where it is out of sight, but with a little thought given to design, vegetables can be used as key features in the ornamental garden. 

Many vegetables and herbs can be just as attractive as the plants we grow. Using herbs and vegies for better visual impact is simply a matter of plant selection and arrangement. There are endless possibilities of combinations – a task made easier each season’s release of exciting new compact and colourful varieties.

Thinking about vegetables and herbs this way can open up possibilities within the garden. Brightly coloured kale, lettuce and rhubarb can be used to replace, or grown alongside, flowering annuals in the garden. Plants such as chives and parsley have attractive foliage and make lovely border plants. Traditional ornamental plants can also be mixed with vegetables and herbs to create wonderful harmonies and contrasts.

Through the centuries, vegetables, herbs and other edible plants have been grown in a range of decorative designs. These designs can be adapted to suit today’s gardening styles.

  • Walled gardens – used since medieval times, walled gardens provide a private sanctuary from the outside world. The walls create a sheltered environment, ideal for growing plants that might not survive in more exposed conditions. The walls themselves are an attractive design feature: traditionally walls were built from local stone, but in today’s gardens they are usually constructed from rendered brick. The walls are ideal for growing espaliers.
  • Knot gardens – originating in formal gardens in the Elizabethan era, knot or parterre gardens were arranged in geometric patterns (knots), designed to be viewed from an upper window. The borders of the knots were edged in low, clipped edges and filled with gravel or, less commonly, with massed herbs or flowering plants.
  • Formal vegetable gardens – also called Potagers, the concept of growing vegetables and ornamentals in stylised, formal beds separated by paths originated in France. The beds are usually edged with a clipped low-growing hedge, and often feature standard plants (such as standard roses) or formal topiary plants in the centre of the garden or on the corners of the beds. In some cases, religious symbols were incorporated into the design of such gardens.

 

Stylish Contemporary Vegetable Garden Design

You might like to include some of the following design ideas in your herb and vegetable garden:

  • Grow a colourful vegetable garden – choose one or two main colours for contrast or harmony and plan for seasonal colour effects. For example, plant parsley borders around coloured foliage vegetables such as kale, chard or a coloured lettuce.
  • Mix vegetables with other plants – in the flower garden, in rock gardens, among fruit trees.
  • Grow espaliered fruit trees – espaliers are plants trained to grow flat along a wall. They look great, they save space, and the wall provides a warm, protected environment for growth and early fruit ripening. Most commonly espaliers are fruit trees, such as apples and pears, but climbers trained on wires attached to a wall are also popular.
  • Use hedging – hedges can be informal or formal, but generally the best hedges for vegetable gardens are multi-functional: they shelter the growing beds, they provide a sense of year-round structure and permanence to the garden, they screen the garden from view, and they give flowers, fruits or nuts. Depending on the climate and garden style, lavender, rugosa roses, rosemary, hazelnuts, lilly pillies and dwarf apples or citrus make useful and attractive hedges.
  • Use attractive climbing frames and trellises – there are many different ready-made structures available for supporting climbing plants, or you can make your own. A bamboo or metal tripod is an attractive support for peas, beans and other climbing plants.
  • Add a water feature – traditional features such as a timber half-barrel or old-fashioned water pump are often used enhance the vegie garden. You can even grow interesting edible plants such as watercress or water spinach in such a pot.
  • Use attractive pots or ornaments as focal points.
  • Train plants as topiary – plants trained and clipped to ornamental shapes add an element of fun to the garden. Clipped bay or citrus trees are well suited as topiaries in the vegetable garden.

THE DESIGN PROCESS

Designing your own garden can be one of the most creative things you will ever do – a living sculpture that gives you years of enjoyment. The secret to good garden design is a well thought-out plan. This involves carefully assessing and analysing the site, deciding what you want to include in the garden, then matching your ideas with the capability of the site to come up with a satisfactory garden concept.

The initial plan will help you decide where your vegetable garden should best be placed for maximum sunlight, proximity to taps and compost bins, and ready access from the kitchen, as well as for the best visual impact.

Further plans can be made if necessary. If you are planning a new garden, or revising your current layout, you may choose to create individual concept plans for different areas or ‘rooms’ within the garden. Some areas may require more detailed plans to provide information about planting schemes. To effectively build large or heavily constructed landscapes or to install a large irrigation system it may be necessary to have accurate scale plans of the site to ensure that the concept is properly translated into reality.

 

Understanding Garden Rooms

Think of your garden as being made up of rooms. Just like your house, each room should have a particular purpose: the lounge room indoors is the place you entertain guests; the patio outside may be the place you also entertain guests. The laundry inside is where you deal with cleaning clothes: the washing line outside is also where you deal with cleaning clothes.

 

If you want a house that is both functional and attractive, you build a wall between the lounge and laundry; and if you want a garden that is functional and attractive, you also block the view between the patio and washing line.

In most circumstances though, the home gardener will not need to go into any great technical detail, and even the backs of a couple of envelopes will do. If you intend to design and construct the garden yourself it is also wise to keep the design within your capabilities. Start with a small space and extend once you have gained confidence. It is far more pleasurable to have a small garden thriving than a larger garden that is overgrown.

 

Site Analysis for Garden Design

When starting a design, first carefully examine the existing garden. Unless you have a brand new house on an undeveloped block, you will have to consider what is already on site. Things to look for include:

  • Easements, caveats and utilities – are there legal restrictions on what you can do and where you can build? Look for gas, electricity, phone and water connections.

  • Buildings and hard surfaces – are there sheds, paved areas, garden beds, etc?

  • Topography and access – is there a slope or a change in levels? Can vehicles or pedestrians move freely?

  • Orientation, seasonal issues – does the house shade parts of the garden? Do deciduous plants let in light during winter? Does one part of the house or garden get hot in summer? These are especially important issues for planning a vegetable garden.

  • Climate – where are the prevailing winds? When and how much does it rain? How often do you get frosts? etc.

  • Soil and drainage – do you have clay or sandy soil? Are there wet spots in the garden? Will you need to build raised beds:

  • Atmosphere – is there any noise or air pollution?

  • Vegetation – are there existing trees or shrubs you want to retain?

  • Re-usable materials – are there any pavers, timber, etc. on site?

  • Local area – what are the surrounding gardens like?

  • Are there likely to be any future building works (extra rooms, new garage, etc)?
     

 


Deciding what you want in the Garden

  • What sort of atmosphere do you want to create? A private garden? A rural garden? A formal garden? A contemporary garden?

  • Privacy – do you want the garden for entertainment or for peace and quiet?

  • Views, focal points – where are you going to look at the garden? Is there a view you want to hide?

  • Traffic – do you need room for cars? Will pedestrians trample the lawn?

  • Children and pets – do you need room for ball games or for the dog to play?

  • What sort of plants do you like? What sort of plants don’t you like?

  • How much maintenance do you want to do?

  • Do you want to include an irrigation system?

  • Do you need a clothes line?

  • Budget – how much do you want to spend?

Step by Step – Creating the Concept

Once you have made your site analysis and decided what you want, it will be much easier to develop your plan.

1. Take measurements of the garden. Include buildings, paths, important plants, etc.

2. Use paper to draw a plan of the existing garden features. Graph paper can assist if you are drawing a plan to an accurate scale, but is not always necessary. Consider making a few photocopies of this base plan so you can experiment with different designs. On one copy, include the direction of the sun, the views from the house, location of taps for watering the garden, and any other important information from your site analysis. This will help you see the limitations of the site.

3. Decide upon an overall design style or styles. It could be a cottage garden in the front that includes vegetables, herbs and fruit trees. You may prefer a more formal approach with hedges and knot gardens enclosing vegetables, herbs and ornamentals with topiary as focal points. Alternatively, you could try a bold romantic garden with brightly coloured foliage, grasses, roses and vines enclosing vegetable and herb spaces within an ornamental framework. Or a courtyard garden with traditional plants, herbs, fruit trees and vegetables in pots and raised garden beds. The possibilities are endless. You need to decide what style of garden suits the house, the site conditions and your expectations.

4. Take a long look and try to visualise the garden in your mind. Where do the segments or rooms that make up the different garden areas belong? If there is a semi-shaded area behind the house, this could be used as a fernery and an area to grow shade-loving herbs such as mints and chervil. Other vegetables or herbs of course need a sunny position.

5. With a pencil and eraser use your base plan to make drawings of possible garden designs. Don’t be afraid to experiment. The idea is to see what will work and what is impractical.

6. Look at the drawings you have made and choose the best ideas. Combine these ideas into one final drawing.

 

Vegetables and Herbs with Colourful Features

Red

Orange

Yellow

Green

Blue

Violet

Rainbow chard foliage

Rainbow chard foliage

Rainbow chard foliage

Parsley foliage

Broccoli foliage

Lettuce varieties foliage

Tomato fruits

Calendula flowers

Oregano varieties foliage

Rainbow chard foliage

Cauliflower foliage

Kohl Rabi stems

Rhubarb stems

Capsicum fruits

Butter beans fruits

Lettuce varieties foliage

Globe artichoke foliage and flower buds

Cabbage varieties foliage

Lettuce varieties foliage

Pumpkin varieties fruits

Squash varieties fruits

Pea foliage

Borage foliage and flowers

Eggplant foliage and fruits

Capsicum fruits

Chilli fruits

Chilli fruits

Potato foliage

Eggplant foliage and fruits

Globe artichoke flowers


















 

 

 

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